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  • 1
  • たぬくん◆
  • 2012/08/26(日) 01:06:50
smug [smʌ'g] スマッグ adj.うぬぼれのつよい
発音を再生
http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/leaf/ej3/78586/m0u/smug/
社会人程度

単語クイズ
http://www.tagoemura.com/toeflMall.html

英単語を書くスレです。
さあみなさん書きましょう。
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  • 75
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  • 2015/09/02(水) 18:43:12
VOA Special English p3

politics pollute poor popular population
port position possess possible postpone
pour porverty power praise pray
predict pregnant present president press
pressure prevent price prison private
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  • 76
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  • 2015/09/02(水) 18:49:19
VOA Special English p4

prize probably problem process produce
profession professor profit program progress
project promise propaganda property propose
protect proteins protest prove provide
public publication publish pull pump

punish purchase pure purpose push
put
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  • 2015/09/02(水) 18:51:10
VOA Special English q

quality question quick quiet
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  • 78
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  • 2015/09/02(水) 18:55:02
VOA Special English r1

race radar radiation radio raid
railroad rain raise rape rare
rate reach react read ready
real realistic reason reasonable rebel
receive recent reccession recognize record
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  • 79
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  • 2015/09/02(水) 19:01:46
VOA Special English r2

recover red reduce reform refugee
refuse register regret reject relations
release religion remain remains remember
remove repair repeat report represent
repress request require rescue research
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  • 80
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:32:49
VOA Special English r3

resign resist resolution resource respect
responsible rest restaurant restrain restrict
result retire return revolt rice
rich ride right riot rise
risk river road rob robot
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  • 81
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:34:20
VOA Special English r4

rock rocket roll room root
rope rough round rub rubber
ruin rule rural
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:38:05
VOA Special English s1

sabotage sacrifice sad safe sail
sailor salt same sand satellite
satisfy save say school science
sea search season seat second
secret security see seed seek(ing)
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:41:24
VOA Special English s2

seem seize self sell Senate
send sense sentence separate series
serious serve service set settle
several severe sex shake shape
share sharp she sheep shell
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:44:54
VOA Special English s3

shelter shine ship shock shoe
shoot short should shout show
shrink sick sickness side sign
signal silence silver similar simple
since sing single sink sister
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  • 2015/09/04(金) 19:48:22
VOA Special English s4

sit situation size skeleton skill
skin sky slave sleep slide
slow small smash smell smoke
smooth snow so social soft
soil soldier solid solve some
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:33:45
NATO phonetic alphabet
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  • 87
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:34:54
VOA Special English s5

son soon sort sound south
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  • 88
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:38:49
spend spill spirit sport spread
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:40:11
spring spy square stab stand
star start starve state station
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  • 90
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:43:53
speak special speech speed
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 09:48:17
VOA Special English s5

son soon sort sound south
スペース speak special speech speed
spend spill spirit sport spread
spring spy square stab stand
star start starve state station
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 18:56:11
VOA Special English s6

statue stay steal steam steel
step stick still stone stop
store storm story stove straight
strange stretch strike strong structure
struggle study stupid subject submarine

substance substitute subversion succeed such
sudden suffer sugar suggest suicide
summer sun supervise supply support
suppose suppress sure surface surplus
surprise surrender surround survive suspect

suspend swallow (swear in) sweet swim
sympathy system
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 19:05:31
VOA Special English t1

take talk tall tank target
taste tax tea teach team
tear technical technology telephone telescope
televison tell temperature temporary tense
term terrible territory terror terrorist

test than thank that the
theater them then theory there
these they thick thin thing
third this threaten through throw
tie time tired tissue to
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 19:48:20
VOA Special English t2

today together tomorrow tonight too
tool top torture total touch
toward town trade tradition traffic
tragic train transport transportation trap
travel treason treasure treat treatment

treaty tree trial tribe trick
trip troops trouble truce truck
true trust try tube turn
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 19:52:07
VOA Special English u

under understand unite universe university
unless until up urge us use
usual
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 19:59:11
VOA Special English v

vacation vaccine valley value vegetable
vehicle version very veto victim
victory video village violate violence
virus visa visit voice volcano
volunteer vote
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 20:03:46
VOA Special English w

wages wait walk wall want
war warm warn wash waste
watch water wave way we
weak wealth weapon wear weather
(Web site) week weigh welcome well

west wet what wheat wheel
when where whether which while
white who whole why wide
wife wild will willing win
wind window winter wire wise
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 20:06:06
VOA Special English w2

wish with withdraw without witness
woman wonder wonderful wood word
work world worry worse worth
wound wreck wreckage write wrong
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  • 2015/09/05(土) 20:08:12
VOA Special English x

x-ray

VOA Special English y

year yellow yes yesterday yet
you young

VOA Special English z

zero zoo
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  • 100
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  • 2015/09/08(火) 00:53:27
G20
G7

Canada
France
Germany
Italy
Japan
United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
United States (of America)

European Union(EU)

Argentina
Australia
Brazil
China
India
Indonesia
Mexico
Russia
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
South Korea
Turkey
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  • 101
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  • 2015/09/08(火) 16:59:41
Germany has said it is willing to accept 800,000 migrants,
many of whom already have relatives in the country and are being urged to join their families there.
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  • 102
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  • 2015/09/09(水) 21:02:27
European Commission Chief Jean-Claude Juncker has called on EU member states to resettle about 160,000 refugees,
saying Greece, Italy and Hungary can no longer handle the burden alone.
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  • 103
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  • 2015/09/09(水) 21:17:08
Member state of the European Union (28 states)

Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France

Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands

Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
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  • 104
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 08:07:36
William Ide, Joyce Huang
September 09, 2015 9:54 AM

BEIJING―

A massive operation to steady China’s stock market appears to be finding its footing as shares rebounded again on Wednesday,
with Shanghai’s main index closing up nearly 2.3 percent.

But the government moves limiting volatility and encouraging longer-term investment have dramatically lowered trading volume.

Some analysts see the government’s intervention as running the risk of hurting the market in the name of saving it.

According to Bloomberg news, contracts for futures trading on the CSI300 Index ― a grouping of some of the country’s biggest companies― slipped to around 34,000 on Tuesday, down from more than 3.2 million in June.

Fraser Howie, co-author of the book Red Capitalism: The Fragile Financial Foundation of China’s Extraordinary Rise said what is
happening in the futures market could spread to the equities market.

“People will say, I am not going to invest in the Chinese equities market because it is too tough to trade in there,”
Howie said. “Not only that, you can have the government making the policy on the hoof and changing the rules every few days.”


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  • 105
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 08:11:19
Circuit breakers

Each week has brought new announcements of trading policies, which sometimes get changed again.

The latest proposed policy change for the stock market could further limit the range in which stocks could trade each day.

China stocks already have an up or down limit of 10 percent in place to limit wide swings in a market that is dominated by small investors.
Authorities are now considering halting trading for a day whenever shares of companies on the CSI300 index rise or fall by 7 percent.
When the index itself rises or falls by 5 percent, trading will be suspended for 30 minutes.

Oliver Rui, director of the China Europe International Business School’s World Bank China Center for Inclusive Finance,
said those moves could have a cooling effect in a market that is dominated by inexperienced investors.

“I think the circuit breaker will definitely help to mitigate the volatility and stabilize the market under these unusual circumstances,”
Rui said.

Despite the intense government focus on managing the market’s day to day fluctuations, Tony Hsu,
chief investment officer with OTS Capital Management in Hong Kong, said those moves are unlikely to change much in the long term.

"Market forces are generally more powerful than central planners," Hsu said.

Circuit breaker measures are not uncommon, but in most cases they are in place to limit the downward slide of stock indexes.

In the United States, market-wide circuit breakers kick in when the S&P 500 Index drops below seven percent and again at 13 percent.

But with the 10 percent limit already in place, the new measures will only tighten the trading band more in both directions,
slowing the time it takes for the market to eventually stabilize.

“All they seem to be doing frankly is stopping trading when you get these volatile swings,” Howie said.
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  • 106
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 08:15:30
Regulating up

In many ways the government’s strong intervention into the market has come at one of the most difficult times.
Instead of intervening when the market was rapidly sinking, analysts say officials should have intervened when it was rising.

“China has suffered over the past couple of months a bursting bubble, because it refused to properly regulate a highly leveraged market
on the way up and this is the fallout of it,” Howie said.

He said the government should have focused on improving transparency of the country’s corporations and trading practices.
There also should have been more warning signs from the market regulators when share prices were unsustainably high.

According to Goldman Sachs, the government’s so-called “national team” that has been brought in to help prop up
the market has already spent more than $230 billion in stimulus measures.

Economic transition

China’s stock market remains a key part of the country’s economic development,
which is why authorities are so intent on rescuing it from a fall.

Oliver Rui said that right now, Chinese companies acquire more than 90 percent of their financing from banks.
Less than three percent comes from the stock market. Authorities want to dramatically change that,
to turn the financial markets into a more effective economic engine for growth.

“That’s why, no matter what happens, the government wants to resuscitate and rebuild confidence to keep up the momentum of
the bull market,” Rui said.
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  • 107
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 08:20:42
Japan Stocks See Record Surge

VOA News
September 09, 2015 4:25 AM

Japanese stocks on Wednesday saw their biggest gain in almost seven years, after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe promised to cut corporate tax rates.

The benchmark Nikkei index closed the day up a stunning 7.7 percent. That was the highest one-day spike since October 2008.

Stocks elsewhere in Asia also surged. Hong Kong's Hang Seng jumped 4 percent. South Korea's Kospi added 2.8 percent.
The Shanghai Composite Index gained 2.3 percent.

Investors appeared to be encouraged by Prime Minister Abe's statement pledging next year to cut Japan's corporate tax rates,
which rank among the world's highest.

Asian stocks were also following the lead of Wall Street, which on Tuesday posted its second-biggest gains for the year.

Global stock markets have fluctuated wildly in the past several months, amid concerns over a slowdown in China's economy,
the world's second-largest.

The Shanghai Composite Index has tumbled 40 percent since June, prompting Beijing to intervene to prop up the market.

Beijing has spent $236 billion trying to support the plunging stock market in the past three months,
according to an analysis this week by Goldman Sachs.

The strategy has largely stopped the free-fall, but many analysts worry the strategy could also be counterproductive in the long run.
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  • 108
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 09:04:35
India, Pakistan Border Chiefs Discuss Kashmir

Anjana Pasricha
September 09, 2015 8:26 AM

NEW DELHI―

The heads of India's and Pakistan's security forces are due to hold talks aimed at reducing tensions along their disputed Kashmir border.
The discussions come about two weeks after high level peace talks between the nuclear-armed rivals collapsed.

A 16-member delegation of the Pakistan Rangers led by Director General Umar Farooq Burki was welcomed at the Wagah border
by India's Border Security Force (BSF) before heading to New Delhi, where the two sides will sit down for discussions starting Thursday.

A statement by the BSF said that the talks will focus on “positive measures” such as more simultaneous coordinated patrolling
along the Kashmir border and other confidence building measures.

The main issue on the table is a flare-up in incidents of cross border firing that have killed and wounded scores of civilians and soldiers
on both sides of Kashmir, which is divided between the two countries.

The firing by border troops on the two sides has escalated amid rising tensions and both countries blame each other for
the cease-fire violations.
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  • 109
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 09:06:37
Positive sign

Political analyst Manoj Joshi at New Delhi’s Observer Research Foundation said the talks are a positive signal,
but it is more important for the two countries to pick up the threads of their derailed political dialogue.

“I am happy it is going ahead but the strategic direction for what happens on the border comes from the top,
and so to restore calm, certainly these guys can talk, but these people only follow orders,” said Joshi.

Border security officials will also discuss the issue of cross border infiltration that has long rankled India
– New Delhi alleges militants cross into its territory from the Pakistan side.
Islamabad has countered by saying there is infiltration from India’s Punjab and Rajasthan province into its territory
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  • 110
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  • 2015/09/10(木) 09:09:40
Talks collapse

Efforts by the neighbors to resume a stalled dialogue collapsed last month when talks between their national security advisers were
called off amid acrimonious exchanges over plans by Pakistani official to meet Kashmiri separatist leaders and India’s refusal to
include Kashmir on the agenda of the talks.

The issue continues to be a sticking point. Pakistan’s national security and foreign policy adviser,
Sartaz Aziz, said Tuesday that Pakistan would only start a dialogue process with India if Kashmir is on the agenda.

Responding to that statement, India’s Junior Home Minister Kiren Rijju, advocated a softer line.

He said threats will not help mend relations, but talking with affection could help repair ties.

Manoj Joshi said the thread of their peace dialogue can only be picked if given a push by their prime ministers.
“It can only happen if the two leaders apply their mind. I don’t think at this stage it can happen at any other level.
The problem with India Pakistan is that it’s managed at the highest level, and when there is a problem it has to be resolved at the highest level,”
added Joshi.

There is speculation that the two leaders could meet on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly in New York later this month.
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  • 111
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  • 2015/09/11(金) 21:48:40
US Marks 14th Anniversary of September 11 Attacks

VOA News

The United States marks the 14th anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks on Friday.

Observances are planned across the country in remembrance of the day when four airplanes carried out suicide attacks on the U.S.
Two of the planes were flown into the World Trade Center in New York,
another hit the Pentagon and a fourth crashed in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, before reaching its likely target of Washington.
Nearly 3,000 people were killed, including 19 of the perpetrators.

Families of victims in New York will gather Friday for a ceremony with tollilng bells and a reading of names of those killed in the terrorist attack.

President Barack Obama, with his wife and White House staff, will observe a public moment of silence Friday morning on the White House lawn.
In the afternoon, the president will hold a town hall meeting with service members at Fort Meade just outside Washington
to talk with those Americans helping to keep the country safe.

The Pentagon will host a private remembrance ceremony in the morning for family members of those lost in the attack
on the Department of Defense building. Defense Secretary Ash Carter will lead a public ceremony there in the afternoon.
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  • 112
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  • 2015/09/11(金) 21:49:28
Pennsylvania

Near Shanksville in western Pennsylvania, the Flight 93 National Memorial is marking the completion of its visitor center
in memory of the 40 passengers and crewmembers who carried out a sustained assault against the hijackers for control of the plane.

Memorials have been erected elsewhere, too.

In New York, the National September 11 Memorial & Museum operates where the World Trade Center's twin towers once stood.
The museum houses artifacts and photographs connected to the attack.

At the Pentagon, the 184 people who died there are honored with 184 benches over pools of water.
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  • 113
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:17:22
Second-guessing Vladimir Putin's Intentions in Syria

Cecily Hilleary
September 27, 2015 12:49 PM

Each day brings new reports of heightened Russian military activity in Syria. For more than four years,
Russia has suggested it was open to a political solution to the crisis in Syria, but by expanding military operations there,
it has sent a clear signal to the West that dialogue is no longer an option.

Russia’s defense minister reassured the United States its actions are "defensive in nature." For the moment, the U.S. has accepted that explanation.
Secretary of State John Kerry told reporters Tuesday that Russia’s military buildup "represents basically force protection."

But some analysts aren't buying Russia’s explanation and cite a variety of reasons why they believe Russia is in Syria for the long haul.
They’ll be paying close attention to what Russian President Vladimir has to say in a speech to the United Nations Monday.
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  • 114
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:21:01
Location is everything

The Syrian government of Bashar Al-Assad controls, at best, 20 percent of the country, according to Christopher Harmer,
a senior naval analyst with the Institute for the Study of War’s Middle East Security Project.

"Russia really only needs the coastline and the capital, Damascus. Who cares about the desert to the east," Harmer said.

The key to nearly everything Putin does, said Harmer, lies in remarks he made a decade ago, when he called the collapse of the Soviet Union
"the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the century."

"Putin wants to reestablish Russia as the second superpower in the world behind the United States. But in order to do that,
it has to have a worldwide-deployable navy," said Harmer. "And in order to have a worldwide-deployable navy, you’ve got to have foreign bases."

​After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia lost all of its former foreign military bases, save for Tartus, a small depot on Syria’s Mediterranean coast.

Tartus allows Moscow to maintain a presence in the Mediterranean, giving it access to its sole remaining Middle East ally
and allowing it to possibly cultivate new ones.

"Russia wants to maintain a role in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, so having some influence in the region is important for that,"
said Dmitry Gorenburg, a Harvard University expert on Russian military reform. "In addition, following the return of the military government in Egypt,
they've been trying to develop ties there in terms of both arms sales and political influence."
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:25:42
The Mediterranean also offers Russia access to the Red Sea through the Suez Canal and the Atlantic,
via Gibraltar. And it allows Russia to protect critical shipping lanes from the Black Sea.

The Kremlin’s escalation in Syria coincides with the Iran nuclear deal – and normalized relations between Iran and the West.
It also follows a visit to Moscow by Iran Quds Force commander Qassem Suleimani.

"Given the changing dynamics in the Middle East, Russia may be trying to increase its influence and form a strategic coalition with Iran,"
said Kilic Bugra Kanat, an assistant professor of political science at Penn State Behrend.

"And improving the relationship and coordinating actions with Iran on the ground in Syria may actually increase its influence projection capability
across the region."
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  • 116
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:28:46
Invested in Syria

Moscow and Damascus established economic relations in the 1950s. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991,
Damascus still owed Moscow about $12 billion in loans it couldn’t afford to pay back. Russia forgave about three-quarters of the debt.
In exchange, Syria agreed to pay off the balance in 10 annual cash payments, to purchase Russian weapons
and give Russian companies preferential access to its oil.

The Moscow Times valued Russian exports to Syria in 2010 at more than $1 billion and private investments in Syria’s infrastructure,
energy and other industries at about $20 billion.

"So if Assad steps down from power, those contracts would fall through," said Anna Borshchevskaya,
a fellow at the Washington Institute who focuses on Russia's policy in the Middle East.

While this isn’t enough to trigger an economic collapse, it could dent an economy suffering from low oil prices and Western sanctions.
And that, in turn, could spell trouble for Putin ahead of parliamentary elections in 2016 and a presidential election in 2018.

Putin’s popularity in Russia soared after he annexed Crimea in March 2014. Taking a more active role in Syria could distract the population’s
attention away from higher prices and lower living standards.
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  • 117
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:33:15
The view from Moscow

Analysts and policymakers in Moscow are offering the Russian public a different explanation for the uptick in military activity in Syria.

It’s actually the West that is looking to take military action in Syria, Yevgeny Satanovsky,
president of the Moscow-based Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, recently told the Moscow Times.
Russia, he said, is merely looking to prevent a repetition of what happened in Libya.

"Then-President Dmitry Medvedev trusted the West to handle it [Libya] and we now see a country in ruins,: Satanovsky said.

Putin has long regretted the fact that Russia abstained from the 2011 U.N. Security Council vote enabling a no-fly zone in Libya,
which resulted in the ouster of Muammar Gaddafi.

In a separate interview with Sobesednik Online last week, Satanovsky offered another excuse for Russian intervention in Syria.

"The U.S., Saudi Arabia and Qatar are trying to get rid of [Syrian President Bashar] Al-Assad so that with the support of his opponents
they can build a pipeline for Qatari gas to southern Europe," Satanovsky said.
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  • 118
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  • 2015/09/28(月) 03:35:57
Syria as ‘honeypot’

Putin has billed the buildup in Syria as an effort to combat the Islamic State group – with or without U.S. help.

But many scholars are skeptical.

If Putin were merely there to fight ISIS, it wouldn't have sent combat planes or surface-to-air missiles,
"considering that neither ISIS nor the opposition [has] an air force," said Kanat.

ISW’s Chris Harmer suggests that Russia actually benefits from ISIS' presence in Syria and Iraq.

"Syria is a ‘honeypot’ for separatists," Harmer said. Among "Chechans, Ingushetians, Dagostanis, even Georgians,
there are a lot of ethnic separatists on Russia's southern border who [are] going over to fight with ISIS in Syria,
and that makes life much better for Russia."

Russia would be happy, he said, if the fight against ISIS were to continue "more or less indefinitely."

As for the Washington Institute's Borshchevskaya, she cautioned the U.S. not to take the Russian military buildup in Syria calmly
"because Putin perceives weakness, and if he does, he just keeps going.

"This is what he’s been doing in the last several years," she said. "He needs to perceive a strong hand and then he’ll stop.”
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  • 119
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  • 2015/11/02(月) 18:29:06
Japan, S. Korea Agree to Resolve Comfort Women Issue

Brian Padden
November 02, 2015 3:07 AM

SEOUL―

In Seoul Monday South Korean President Park Geun-hye and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
held their first formal bilateral talks to try to resolve a bitter diplomatic standoff over the contentious
“comfort women” issue that has divided Washington’s two key military allies in Asia.

Since she took office in 2013 Park had refused to meet with Abe until he offered a “sincere apology”
and reparations to the thousands of Asian “comfort women” forced into sexual slavery by Japan’s military
during its occupation of Asia and during World War II.

After their meeting Abe said the two leaders promised to increase efforts to peacefully resolve this issue.

"It's the 50th anniversary of the normalization of ties this year. Keeping that in mind, we've agreed
to accelerate talks for the earliest possible resolution," said Abe.

In August Park opened the door to reconciliation after Abe promised to uphold apologies made by
past Japanese leaders to comfort women and other victims of Japanese wartime atrocities.

But at the start of Monday’s bilateral meeting she reiterated that resolving this issue in a manner
acceptable to the remaining surviving comfort women is key to re-establishing
a stable diplomatic relationship with Japan.

“I hope today's summit will heal the bitter history in a broad sense and be a sincere one and an important
opportunity to develop the two countries' relationship," Park said.

Japan’s position is that compensation for "comfort women" was legally settled by the 1965 diplomatic treaty
normalizing relations.
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  • 2015/11/02(月) 18:31:44
In his speech commemorating the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, Abe noted that in Japan
today over eighty percent of the population was born after the war and said they should not be held forever
accountable for these past atrocities.

The two leaders did not hold a joint public news briefing following the talks. And at least publicly neither side
expressed any willingness to compromise on this issue.

But Hosaka Yuji, a political science professor at Seoul’s Sejong University says the South Korean president won
a small but important diplomatic concession from the Japanese leader.

“Prime Minister Abe slightly moved towards President Park’s demand on the necessity of resolving this issue by
the end of this year,” Hosaka said.
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  • 121
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  • 2015/11/02(月) 18:34:51
Trilateral meeting

On Sunday Abe and Park met with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang for the first such trilateral leaders meeting
in three and half years. Historical disagreements as well as conflicting claims to islands in the region had
contributed to the suspension of these talks.

The three leaders agreed to work together to improve the regional economic and security environment,
to re-establish regular high-level meetings, and to use these forums to peacefully resolve divisive issues.

Beijing, Tokyo and Seoul also promised to establish a trilateral free trade zone and advance
an “East Asia Market,” an all Asian version of the U.S. led Trans Pacific Partnership that was recently agreed to
by 12 Pacific Rim economies that includes Japan and the U.S. but not China nor South Korea.

The three Northeast Asian neighbors also reaffirmed their support for restarting “six party” international talks
to peacefully end North Korea’s nuclear program.

In 2009 Pyongyang walked out of talks with Washington, Seoul, Beijing, Tokyo and Moscow,
and subsequently conducted three nuclear tests that have drawn international condemnation
and increasing United Nations sanctions.
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  • 122
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  • 2015/11/02(月) 18:39:48
South China Sea

At the bilateral meeting Prime Minister Abe reportedly told President Park that the South China Sea situation is
a common concern and suggested the two counties cooperate on issues pertaining to the freedom of navigation.

Washington recently sent a warship near disputed South China Sea islets and reefs claimed by Beijing
to protect the freedom of navigation in the disputed area.

Beijing, which claims jurisdiction over the 12 nautical miles (20 kilometers) of territorial waters around the islands
as well as most of the South China Sea, protested the incident as a provocation.

While Tokyo has voiced support for Washington’s efforts to protect these key international shipping lanes,
Seoul has been reluctant to publicly criticize Beijing.

U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter met in Seoul Monday with his South Korean counterpart Han Min-koo.
The two held a joint press conference and were asked about China’s assertive behavior in the South China Sea.

Both defense chiefs voiced support for freedom of navigation and the peaceful resolution of maritime disputes
but Carter very pointedly called upon China to halt any further dredging or militarization in the South China Sea.

“This is something that the United States has called for a halt on by all parties in the South China Sea and of course
over the last year the party that has done the most of that kind of dredging and military activity has been China,”
Carter said.

The Northeast Asian leaders did not publicly address rising tensions in the South China Sea during their statements
following Sunday’s trilateral but all endorsed increased dialogue and cooperation to resolve regional disputes.
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  • 2015/12/29(火) 08:23:34
(VOA) Japan-S Korea Deal Could Help Efforts to Counter Pyongyang

Pamela Dockins
December 28, 2015 2:35 PM

STATE DEPARTMENT―

A landmark agreement between Japan and South Korea over so-called “comfort women” could pave the way
for enhanced cooperation on regional threats such as North Korea’s nuclear program,
a senior State Department official said.

On Monday, Japan and South Korea announced a settlement over the longstanding dispute involving Japan’s responsibility
for Korean woman forced to work as prostitutes for the Japanese military during World War Two.

The agreement includes over $8 million in financial restitution from Japan as well as an official apology.

Any impediment to full cooperation between the U.S. and allies such as Japan and South Korea “represents a strategic drag
on our national security interests,” the official said in a Monday briefing.

“There is no need to look any further than North Korea, which has made a practice of seeking to divide
the five members of the six-party (nuclear) talks,” the official added.

In October, North Korea rejected calls to resume international talks on ending its nuclear program.

The so-called six-party talks with the U.S., Japan, South Korea, China and Russia, broke down in 2008, after North Korea refused
to cooperate with inspectors who were seeking to verify its compliance with the agreement.

Pyongyang has since conducted several nuclear tests, further undermining the agreement.

The U.S. applauds the leaders of the two countries for “having the courage and vision to forge a lasting settlement to this difficult issue,”
said National Security Adviser Susan Rice.
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  • 2015/12/29(火) 08:47:39
President Barack Obama’s administration has strongly supported reconciliation efforts.

“We have worked quietly where possible to prevent or resolve misunderstandings between the two,” said the senior State Department official.

President Obama hosted talks between Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Park Geun-hye, last year.

Also, Secretary of State John Kerry has held talks with officials from both countries.

In his response to the Monday agreement between the two countries, Kerry said, “We look forward to continuing to work with both countries
on regional and global issues, including advancing our economic ties and security cooperation.”

That security cooperation could include further efforts to address North Korea’s military build-up.

“North Korea presents a serious threat to Japan, Korea and for that matter the United States,” said the State Department official.

The world cannot afford for the three countries to “operate at anything less than full capacity in terms of security cooperation," the official added.
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